PROJECT SUMMARY FOR 2018, GIZ-FUNDED GOVERNANCE INTERVENTION
Project title: Support to strengthening resilience in northeast Nigeria
The project was scheduled to run for 6 months from August 2018 to January 2019 but spilled into February owing to logistic delay in mobilizing resources for the sessions.
As a way of complementing the humanitarian response to the crisis in the Northeast, the programme “Support to strengthening resilience in Northeast Nigeria” goes beyond a humanitarian short-term approach and focuses on a more long-term development perspective by aiming to establish participatory planning and good governance, rehabilitating basic service infrastructure, promoting social cohesion and providing livelihood support. The programme is funded by the European Union and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. It focuses on two of the north-eastern States, Borno and Adamawa. Following a holistic approach, the programme targets IDPs, host communities, returning IDPs and local communities in order to avoid the creation of further tensions due to competition over scarce resources.
Objectives of the intervention:
The overall objective of the intervention was “to contribute to the stabilization of north-eastern Nigeria through strengthening the resilience of internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, returning refugees and the local population affected by Boko Haram insurgency”
Specifically, the project aimed at using context-adapted methodology for Community Development Planning (CDP, based on ward level) that will convene community stakeholders in sessions akin to a town hall meeting where all stakeholders will be represented and issues around development, community visions, limitations and challenges will be discussed and inputs constellated from representative members of the community. Inputs will be guided and developed to formulate a ward development plan which will be presented to the Local government to inform Local Government Development Plans (LG DevPlan). The participatory planning process builds on the dialogue on violence and conflict prevention and focuses on formulating a joint vision for future development.
Project Implementation Locations:
The project targeted the 15 wards in MMC, and of the 15, CHAD was allocated 5 wards to implement the CDP process in, namely; Maisandari, Gamboru Liberty, Bolori 1, Hausari Zango and Gwange 1.
Activities carried out:
Main Activity 1.0: Jointly with the GIZ programme team prepare and conduct a two (2) day CDP Team (up to 70 members: political, traditional, religious leaders) introduction workshop which constitutes the oversight team that will steer the Development Planning Process in MMC.
Activity narrative: The objective of this activity was to provide a good foundation for key community stakeholders CDP process and establishment of good working relationship among stakeholders, to aid project implementation. In the course of carrying out this activity, CHAD actively participated in;
• Mobilizing traditional, Religious and political leader’s representatives for the First CDP Team Workshop (2 days)
• Conducting the first CDP Team (onboarding) workshop
• Disseminating the project’s information and communicating to key stakeholders and others
Main Activity 2.0: Conduct a mapping of the socio-economic set-up and main actors/stakeholders in 5 wards in MMC (Ward Analysis).
Activity narrative: the objective of this activity was to have a basic, systemized and contextual information of the wards in MMC for informed community development planning and inclusive decision making. For this activity, CHAD achieved the following;
• Preparation for Ward Analysis and Selection of data enumerators
• Training workshop for data enumerators (on the data tool)
• Conducting the 10days data collection (2days per ward) of contextual ward data
• Conduct a session with data enumerators to review and evaluate the data collection exercise
• Compiling, processing, analysis and reporting of data collection exercise
• In collaboration with the CDP Team, conducted a 2 days Validation of ward data
• Identification of participants for the CDP sessions and suitable locations for the sessions
• Actively participated in a Joint CSO meeting to review the data collection, processing and analysis
• Production and submission of the final ward analysis report
Main Activity 3.0: Conduct ward sensitization of communities at ward level on the benefits of community development planning process.
Activity narrative: The objective of this activity was to create awareness in the community of their right and role in identifying and setting priorities for accessing basic social services for their community through their participation in the community development planning process. On this activity, CHAD achieved the following;
• Identification and contracting of the multi-skilled local artists (music, dance and drama skills)
• Writing, editing of a drama script to be used for the caravan, radio and town hall drama
• Planning meeting on the planned awareness raising event (awareness campaign caravan/ town hall drama-shows etc.) and briefing of ward CDP sub-teams (councilors and traditional leaders)
• Production of caravan and town hall drama
• Conducting mass community awareness campaigns and sensitization
Main Activity 4.0: Conduct Community Development Planning Sessions in 5 wards in MMC
Activity narrative: This activity was aimed at involving communities and promoting their participation in the identification, analysis, prioritization and planning for the delivery of basic social services, as a way of mobilizing their contribution to the development of their communities. During this activity, CHAD achieved the following;
• Identification and contracting of adhoc facilitators and rapporteur.
• Training of staff and adhoc facilitators on facilitation skills
• Verification of suitable CDP session venues
• Conducting the Community Development Planning Sessions in Maisandari, Gamboru liberty, Bolori 1, Hausari Zango and Gwange 1
• Reporting and compilation of the ward development plans for the 5 wards
In the course of the project’s implementation, salient lessons were learnt. They include;
• The basis of sustainability in humanitarian response, is community participation and ownership
• In order to proffer context-appropriate solutions to gaps and inadequacies in local communities, it is expedient that the communities are involved in the problem-solving process as they understand better what factors underpin their problems.
• Coordinating and collaborating with already existing community structures creates a smooth entry pathway for an intervention and endorses the intervention in the eyes of the community.
• Socio-economic resource mapping is a key component of any development programming as it provides a disaggregated demographic, economic, structural and cultural model of communities and reflects the prevailing dynamics that can either abet or impede development.
• Sensitizing communities on planned interventions broadens the reach and gets communities to buy into the core values of an intervention.
• It is expedient that all stakeholders are represented in community development planning to discourage marginalization or discrimination of any kind which is a driver of underdevelopment.
• During participatory development planning meetings, every view count and must be factored-in to engender balance, proper representation and bring about lasting solutions and sustained positive impact.
• Roles and responsibilities must be agreed on by community members to help police the implementation of plans developed during the planning sessions.
“I never thought it will be possible to call a gathering like this where even we (people with disabilities) can be regarded and allowed to talk” – Mallam Audu (Person with disability, Hausari Zango ward)
“I am very happy that this kind of thing is happening in our community where the leaders and the people, the young and the old, male and female, rich and poor, Muslim and Christians have gathered to talk about making our community better” – Emmanuel Nnodim (Economic actor, Gwange 1 ward)
“women have a lot of solutions, the problem is that they are not allowed to talk, but thank god for this intervention that is teaching our people how to give women the opportunity to talk” – Yaagana Bulama (Economic actor, Gamboru Liberty ward)
“there has been issue of robbery in our community, after yesterday session where we spoke about roles and responsibilities in development, we called ourselves together, few of us and we decided to embark on night patrol to ensure security at night and we plan to continue it” – Audu Sa’idu (Youth, Bolori 1 ward)