Case management is the technical component of child protection that deals with carrying out work to address an individual child’s (family/caregiver’s) needs in an appropriate, systematic and timely manner through direct support or referrals. This involves a rigorous process, or protection services to address potential gaps.
Northeast: a call for action.
More than a decade now, the up growing violence attack in northeast Nigeria have devastated the lives of inhabitants in the region. Millions of families were forced to flee horrific attacks on their homes. According to IOM and NEMA report of 29th February, above a million Nigerians are displaced. Social infrastructures are razed, including hospitals, schools and markets as well as other means of economic life that sustained the people.
For years now, CHAD has been responding to humanitarian crises that bedeviled Northeast Nigeria. The region has been characterized by violence attack by the Non-state armed Group (NSAG). Their activities have sparked an upsurge for forced displacement across the BAY ( Borno, Adamawa and Yobe )states. Borno state which is the epicenter of the violence, with more than 2.7 million people, majority of them fled their community of origin due to continual attack by the armed group. Majority of the Internally Displace Persons (IDPs) are now staying in internally displaced peoples camp (IDPs) camp and few in host communities in Borno, Adamawa, Yobe states and nearby countries (CHAD, Cameroon and Niger) where they dowel in the refugees camp.
Most of the victims of this ugly situation are Women, Children, adolescent girls and host of others who has undergoing unspeakable conditions. The displacement has rendered them homeless, children are abducted, raped, malnourished and among others pitiable cases. Some of the abducted children mostly the adolescent boys who were victims of trafficking are enlisted into arm group (CAAFAG), adolescent girls are forced into child or early marriage some of them are forcefully married out by the insurgents. The adolescent girls who are victims and later escaped are helpless as they were sexually abused. Indeed, great numerical figures of these children lost their parents or caregivers during the plight thereby keeping them unaccompanied and Separated (UASC). The unaccompanied and separated minors are faced with big daily challenges as they were left without the watch of any adult in the IDP camps. Some nursing mothers of less than a month child were murdered, Children who are survivors of rape are left without receiving medical service as the hospitals are razed and the justice system is already destabilized by the insurgent. Persistent attacks on school children and their teachers made it difficult for schools to remain open hence, stealing the education of the youth and attacking the system in every way possible. The above situation created abuse, violence, neglect and exploitation to these survivors.
What is CHAD doing to help the vulnerable minors?
CHAD has scaled up its response and is working with the national authorities and other humanitarian aid actors in Northeast Nigeria to assist displaced persons as well as returning refugees who seek asylum in Nigeria and other IDPs to regain their resilience and restore their dignity as a human.
In Borno state, CHAD focuses to ensure that Unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) and other children with protection concerns are identified, registered and receive adequate care and support that will improve their lives through direct support or referral services. We are committed to preventing family separation through family tracing and reunification (FTR) mechanism. CHAD strengthens national and community-based child protection system through training of foster parents and child protection committee (CPC) as well as continuous delivery of key awareness messages to community members on child protection, promotion of social cohesion etc. Unaccompanied and separated children and other vulnerable children with protection concern are cared for according to their specific needs and best interest. The psychosocial well-being and safety of children and their caregivers are prioritizing. Indeed, children with acute mental distress are referred for counselling and to continue with CHAD’s structured MHPSS and PSS activities. CHAD established child-friendly space (CFS) for children where they receive live skills that will enable them to regain from traumatic experiences to avoid long term or permanent mental damage. CHAD reunifies responses and improves coordination to ensure that vulnerable children and family have access to basic services and opportunities that will facilitate them to regain their resilience.
Whom we look for
As pointed earlier, CHAD works in nexus with others to strengthen local institutional capacity to improve service in the long term run and promoting self-reliance by boosting the resilience of the most vulnerable households through child protection case management. Children with a particular vulnerability risk of abuse, violence, neglect and exploitation. Other vulnerable children with protection concerns such as Unaccompanied and separated minors, male or female-headed households, children with disabilities, children in detention, children who are sexually or commercially exploited, Children associated with armed groups (CAAG and CAAF), children that are acutely malnourished or any life-threatening behaviours are cared for in our case management activities.